Physical and psychological deterrence strategies to mitigate odontocete by-catch and depredation in pelagic longline fisheries: progress report

Authors: 

Hamer, D.J., Childerhouse, S.J.

Year: 

2012

Journal/Publisher Name: 

Progress report to Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency, World Wildlife Fund South Pacific, and Pacific Islands Tuna Industry Association
Summary: 

Two devices were designed to prevent odontocetes from depredating caught fish and putting themselves at-risk of becoming bycatch. One device used physical deterrence by shouding the fish with a barrier and the other used psychological deterrence by utilizing prior negative experiences of temporary entanglement in fishing gear. Both devices fit on a branchline at a distance from the hook and descend towards a caught fish using a line tension trigger mechanism. All interactions occurred on control branchlines that were not fitted with a deterrent device, suggesting the potential of this technology to deter depredating odontocetes. The impact on fish catch rates, size, and survival was negligible.